The words ‘climate change, ‘pollution’ and ‘global warming, sometimes feel overused. We often see them on boards, hoardings, signs, petitions, films, documentaries, and so on. But do we ask ourselves the questions we should be asking? What is climate change? What exactly causes it and how? At what level of climate change are we currently in, and what if we continue? Are we at risk?
What Is Toxic And Non-Toxic Pollution And At How Much risks Are We?
It’s a noteworthy question to ask, what apart from human beings can harm the globe? We produce toxic and non-toxic pollution. Toxic pollutants harm our bodies, while nontoxic pollutants add to global heating, again leading to our peril.
A recent study, which was published in the journal Plus One, was conducted to examine the association between toxic pollution and nontoxic pollution, which adds to human health damage and global heating respectively. The researchers found the countries that can provide support to reduce the negative impact of both pollutions, as well as the countries which require this support.
Humanity’s number of activities play an active role in the origin of harmful toxic emissions like greenhouse gases and fine particulate matter. Over a few hundred years, we’ve contributed to an increase in greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide which leads to an increase in Earth’s temperature. Some of these effects are irreversible.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) links serious health conditions like cardiovascular conditions and primarily respiratory problems directly to particulate matter. This particulate matter contributes to the damage of essential water bodies like rivers, lakes, coastal waters, and also soil and forests.
Scientists are trying hard to describe the correlation between toxic and non-toxic pollution. Some researchers say they are not separate issues, while some opinionated that thorough research should be carried out on both accounts to understand the application of appropriate response.
176 countries were included in the data, and the year 2018 was chosen, which was the most recent year with existing required information and data.
For the purpose of studying this correlation, the study was analyzed using three sources. First, the Notre Dame Global Adaptation Initiative Country Index, which measures the extent of a country’s exposure to climate change-associated harm. Second, the Yale Environmental Performance Index, which examines the country’s environmental health. The third is the Global Alliance on Health and Pollution approximates fatalities caused by toxic pollutants.
The results confirmed the prior hypothesis given by researchers and found a strong correlation between a country’s population’s revelation of toxic pollutants and a country’s vulnerability to climate change. This mainly affects the poorest of the world’s countries.
The Global Observatory of Pollution and Health’s director Prof Philip J Landrigan, who wasn’t a part of the research said that the emission of fossil fuel is the biggest source of climate change, and is also directly responsible for 85% of airborne pollution.
This study bears a result that may prove very helpful for some countries to pave their way to creating a better and healthy environment. This research listed down the countries which are the most vulnerable to climate change-related harm. This “target list” consists of 10 countries.
These countries include India, Solomon Islands, Bhutan, Georgia, Rwanda, Singapore, South Korea, Botswana, and Thailand.
Countries such as China and India are not only exposed to climate change-related harm but are also placed to help with such issues with the support of the international community.
Pertaining to the recent extreme atmospheric conditions, every country is at risk of harm caused by climate change, irrespective of their rich, poor, average status. The countries with high income can come forward to help the nations at international levels while maintaining a healthy environment themselves.
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