Racial Discrimination in the United States of America has been there for a very long time. This discrimination can be anywhere, even in the workplace, hospitals, schools, colleges, immigration, naturalization, slavery, and many more. It is always assumed that the lighter race always superior to the darker race.
The Majority Of Surgery Positions Are Dominated By The White People
It is also believed that the white race always dominates the darker race even though, the darker race is equally or more intelligent and smarter than the white race. The major communities suffering discrimination are the American Black community, the Hispanic community, and the American Indian community.
In recent times, the situation has changed, and people in the United States of America are accepting people of other communities with open mind. Even though the times have changed majority of the top positions in all the institutions are dominated by white people.
As per recent reports, white people dominate the top surgery positions at the United States of America universities while the number of black and Hispanic people subside in these areas. As per the study of co-author Dr. Jose Trevino, there are many top surgeons from other communities who are equally intelligent and smart compared to white people who are being under-recognized or not recognized at all.
As per the study conducted by the United States of America, the department of surgery collected 15,000 data between 2013 & 2019, and according to that data the share of surgery department chairs and professorship were held by white people was 4 to 5 percentage points, there is a rise in 4 percentage of points. But it is observed that there is a decline in 0.1 to 0.5 percentage point of male Black and Hispanic points during the study period.
The 2015 studies show that Black women and Hispanic women are less likely to have leadership positions. As per the reports, there was one black woman and one Hispanic woman who was appointed department chairs from zero prior. According to the 2019 reports, white people accounted for almost three-quarters of chairs and full professorship while the Black and Hispanic people accounted for 3%-5% percentage points which is a small share considering the overall demographics of the United States of America.
As per the studies of co-author Andrea Riner, it is not that the Black and Hispanic community does not aspire to the top positions. Many of them are highly qualified to be there at the top. Another way of promoting the success of these underrepresented groups is by sponsorship which is a person who is in a position of power advocates for someone who does not have the same level of influence. She also mentioned that having a person who can support you and speak up for you of what you are deserving is the most powerful thing.
It is also believed that diversification of health professionals can be achieved just by starting the intentional recruitment considering the diverse attitude like education attainment, standardized test score, prior work experience. Intentional recruitment can be supported by growing evidence of significant limitations that “objective” metrics such as test scores may have on predicting job performance and the cultural bias these metrics can impose on minority test-takers.
The health system also suggests that to increase the diversity in the health care profession, they could also engage in intentional retention and intentional promotion. For example, intentional retention and promotion disparities are well documented for women in medicine.
To change the majority of white dominancy, there is a requirement of steps to be taken to provide better opportunities and future for minority communities like the Black Americans and Hispanic communities.