While many individuals today withstand their first cardiac event, it is a severe, life-changing experience. However, recent research emphasizes the necessity of taking all in your power to prevent one again.
Khot is the primary researcher of research that looked at the results of individuals who had a repeat cardiac arrest formerly as recurrence myocardial infarction within 3 months after their initial cardiac arrest. The findings were reported in the Archives of the American Heart Association on Aug 2.
Second Heart Attack Risks Increase Soon After The First One
“It’s like taking another hit,” said Dr. Umesh Khot, a cardiologist at the Cleveland Clinic in Ohio. “One heart attack is a lot, and having another one is a big hit on the heart.”
From 2010 to 2017, Khot’s group looked at information from 6,626 cardiac arrest hospitalizations at the Cleveland Clinics. Although just approximately 2.5 percent of patients are invited back with additional cardiac arrest after 3 months, over half of the patients died in 5 years.
The data collected by the experts show that more people suffer from cardiac issues in the same pattern. The survey was conducted by experts from major branches of cardiology and others. People whose data was verified were from different backgrounds and age groups yet they present the same system of cardiac arrests and in most of the cases, the second one proves fatal.
This survey has also considered some more factors such as gender and lifestyle as well as medications for the concerned patient which are found not much impacting on their health.
Inside the US States and around the world, cardiovascular illness is the biggest source of mortality. As per the American Heart Association, approximately 805,000 individuals in the US States experience a cardiac arrest per year, with one-fourth of those having repeated heart problems.
“What we’ve done for the first time is to analyze a large population of patients to find this uncommon recurrence and describe it,” he said. “It’s important for the cardiology community to understand that this phenomenon happens, and when it does it has significant implications for long-term mortality.”
Doctors advocate implementing expert advice about medications and implementing behavioral adjustments to lower danger indicators, such as exercise, consuming a heart-healthy diet, decreasing weight, regulating hypertension, and stopping cigarettes, to avoid a repeat cardiac event.
“We didn’t answer the question of whether we can change this beyond the regular care that we do,” Khot said. “But it helps us emphasize key messages in terms of adherence to medicines, following up with your care team, and good health practices in general.”
“This is an important reminder,” said Goldberg, who was not involved in the study. “I think all of us in the cardiology community has to be a little more vigilant about reminding people the importance of following through with these lifestyle changes and medications, so we reduce the risk of recurrent heart attacks.”
All physicians admit that making adjustments is not often simple.
“Some people are dramatic in terms of the changes they make, some are middle of the road and some people don’t change anything,” Khot said. “And now with COVID-19, we’re very concerned that some patients have left the health care system and are not getting follow-up care.”
After a first heart attack, Goldberg said, “Some people feel a little overwhelmed with all the things that are thrown at them – procedures, cardiac rehab, their diet, even coping with anxiety over this sudden illness.”
“It’s a lot to handle,” she said. “Maybe we need to do better to explain why these things are so important. With a heart attack, it’s not necessarily one and done.”