Homicide is the act of one human killing another human. A homicide requires only a volitional act by another person that results in death, and hence homicides caused because of accidents, reckless or even negligence of the other person. It is also caused due to revenge that a person has against another person. Homicide can be divided into different categories such as murder, manslaughter, justifiable homicide, killing in war, euthanasia, and capital punishment based on the kind of death a person has suffered. These different types of homicides are considered differently in society as some of them are considered crimes where are some have been permitted or ordered as legal by the law.
The Increase In The Homicide Rates During The Pandemic
These criminal homicides can be either murder or manslaughter based on the state of mind and the intent of killing the other person. As per the reports of the United States Office on Drug and Crime in July 2019, nearly 464,000 people were killed in a homicide in 2017, and the number over 89,000 killed in armed conflict during the same period. As per the news reports from 2019 to 2020 California’s homicide rate rose to 27% which is the largest yearly increase in the last three decades.
During the pandemic times, the law enforcement agencies were less active and there were forced shutdowns in the law agencies which led to the registration of an increased number of homicide cases in California in 2020 which majorly involved Black and Latino communities. The number of homicide victims increased to 27% from 2019 to 2020, to about 2,300 marking it as the year’s largest increase in the three decades according to preliminary death certificate data from the California Department of Public Health. The numbers showed there was 5.8 homicide per 100,000 residents in 2020, the highest rate in California from 2008.
According to FBI preliminary data, similar cases were seen throughout the nation. The number of homicide sampling in large cities has increased to 32% from 2019 to 2020. The data also shows that the cities with more than 100,000 people but that does not include big cities like New York, Chicago, and Philadelphia. The death certificate data reveals striking disparities in who fell victim to homicide in 2020. The number of homicides that involved Black rose to 36% from 2019 to 2020, the cases of homicides that involved Hispanic rose by 30%, and by comparison, the number of white homicides increased by 15%, and Asians by 10%.
The age group which suffered the homicide attacks in 2020 was between 15 and 34 years of age, the number of victims of this age group rose from 900 in 2019 to 1,175 in 2020 which is a rise in 31% of the homicide attacks. The most common instrument used for death is the firearm. It also mentioned the probability of men being the homicide victim is five times more when compared to that of females. The number of male victims rose to 30% in 2020 when compared with a female which is a rise in 14% in 2020.
The increase in the homicide rates is due to the serious violence that is played across the country in rural and urban areas. Among California’s 10 most popular countries, the sharpest increase was reported in Alameda Country, where homicide rose 57%, which is followed by Fresno by 44%, Sacramento by 36%, and Los Angeles by 32%. One one of the popular countries Contra Costa saw a decline in the homicide rates. As per the reports of Law enforcement officials and Criminologyists, the increase in the homicide rates in the young age group is due to the street violence between them. The schools and sports programs shut down due to covid-19. The nonprofit organization programs that provide support also surged at risk.