A recent study revealed that autism affects and develops differently in the two genders, and the research obtained from boys might not be applicable in the case of girls. This is a new development in the field and is likely to give rise to challenges in the field of treatment for autism.
Development Of Autism Varies From Boys To Girls
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a term broadly used to describe a group of neurodevelopmental disorders.
The characteristics of these disorders involve problems with communication and social interaction. People suffering from ASD usually demonstrate restrictive, rigid and stereotyped behavior, which affects their social life rendering them unable to maintain a normal status in society.
SD can be found in individuals around the world, regardless of race, culture, or economic background. The exact cause of ASD is not yet known. The latest research shows that there’s no single cause.
Some of the suspected factors for autism may consist of having an ancestor or parent with autism various genetic mutations fragile X syndrome and other genetic disorders being born to aged parents underweight at birth metabolic imbalances in the body exposure to heavy metals, environmental toxins or harmful radiations.
According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), both genetics and environment are detrimental in deciding whether a person develops autism.
Recent research suggests that autism is more likely to be found in boys rather than girls, which defines the scarcity of research on autism in girls. Moreover, the recent discovery advances the knowledge in the subject of autism that it differs in both genders, which helps doctors treat their patients exclusively based on one’s needs rather than administering a routine treatment.
As a prior study had been conducted before regarding the effect of autism in boys, the contemporary study included brain imaging with the genetic investigation to study the case in girls. Social interactions were conducted with autism patients along with usage of functional MRI, and it was discovered that girls with autism tend to use a different part of their brains as opposed to girls without autism.
This was not the case in boys as there was no major difference between the ones suffering from autism compared to the normal ones because the working process of the brain may vary due to the gender difference between boys and girls.
It has also been discovered that girls with autism possessed greater numbers of rare variants of genes active during the early growth of a brain region called the striatum. A part of the striatum is thought to be involved in understanding social interaction and language.
This discovery will prove to be very useful in the creation of a new treatment plan specially customized to meet the needs of girls with autism. Currently, there is no successful cure for autism and taking proper care of the patient is very crucial to his or her survival.
There are various treatments method which includes behavioral therapy, play therapy, occupational therapy, physical therapy and therapy. There are alternative treatment methods that include high-dose vitamins and oxygen, but these should only be administered to the patient based on a doctor’s prescription or else it may prove fatal.